Wireless: the top 10 wireless technologies for the company
In advance of the Barcelona Symposium/Xpo 2019, Gartner analysts unveiled a ranking of the 10 major wireless technology trends that impact enterprise architecture (Enterprise Architecture or EA) and its players.
“Many areas of wireless innovation include immature[today] technologies, including 5G. They may require skills that organizations currently lack,” said Nick Jones, vice president of research at Gartner. According to him, it is up to the heads of EA and technological innovation to test them, determine their potential and define an adoption plan now.
The top 10 wireless technology trends identified by Gartner are:
1. Wi-Fi > A classic.
The first wireless standards of the IEEE 802.11 group appeared in 1997 and 1999. The whole has since been expanded. This is evidenced by the arrival of Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax).
Wi-Fi will continue to be “the main wireless network technology used in the home and office until 2024,” Gartner said. It should be more widely used for other uses, from two-factor authentication systems to radar systems.
The first fifth generation cellular networks will open in 2019 and 2020. A deployment that should take “five to eight years” before it is finalized.
“5G is still immature,” said Nick Jones. Initially, “most network operators will focus on the sale of broadband subscriptions”. Other uses, including “Internet of Things (IoT) and low-latency applications” connectivity, are expected to increase as technology evolves.
In some areas, the fifth generation mobile could replace Wi-Fi, particularly the networking of large sites (factories, ports, airports, etc.).
V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) wireless systems will be used for communication between vehicles, autonomous or conventional, as well as with the road infrastructure they use.
It will therefore be useful for different services, from security to infotainment.
“The V2X could become a legal requirement for all new vehicles,” says Nick Jones. But before such an obligation comes into effect, Gartner expects that the necessary protocols will be integrated into some cars in advance.
However, the research firm believes that these V2X systems will need a 5G network “to reach their full potential. »
4. “Long-Range Wireless Power”
First-generation Long-Range Wireless Power systems “did not meet the objectives set” for the user experience.
The need to place the devices on a specific charger does not provide much more than cable charging, according to Gartner. However, new options allowing the loading of a device up to one meter away could change the situation.
5. LPWA Networks
LPWA (Low-Power Wide-Area) networks provide low bandwidth connectivity for IoT applications and objects that require a long battery life. A plus for manufacturers of sensors and connected objects.
Current LPWA technologies include NB-IoT (Narrowband IoT), LTE-M (Long Term Evolution for Machines), LoRa and Sigfox.
6. “Wireless Sensing”
Wireless Sensing technology can be used as a radar system for robots and drones, as well as virtual assistants.
7. Improved wireless location tracking
Precise monitoring will be integrated into the new generation IEEE 802.11az standard and, eventually, into 5G. A useful follow-up of the supply chain at the IoT, not to mention marketing.
8. “Millimeter Wave Wireless”
The technology can be used by wireless systems such as Wi-Fi and 5G for short-range and high bandwidth communications (e.g. 8K streaming video).
9. Backscatter Networking
It allows data transfer with very low power consumption.
The technology can be useful for “relatively simple” sensors and connected objects operating in areas already saturated with wireless signals.
10. Software Defined Radio (SDR)
Software-Defined Radio (SDR) technology has been available for several years and allows more frequencies and protocols to be supported. But it has not taken off commercially so far, because its cost is higher than that of dedicated chips.