How to secure your website
Web site security is more than ever a hot topic. Thousands of hackers and malicious robots are present on the Internet looking for the slightest flaw and rushing in for various actions. So, here are the basic rules to secure a minimum of your website without being an expert in the field.
Nowadays, 70% of people say they are more sensitive to data protection issues. The media coverage of the various data breaches is a major contributor to this. But hackers are becoming more and more intelligent to succeed in recovering their data at all costs. How can they arm themselves against these threats?
If you don’t have the skills to make your site yourself, with a CMS or in dev, the best is to call upon a web development company to create your site. The best practices related to security are the basics for developers.
This is surely the most fundamental step. Whether you use open source tools to develop the website yourself or you rely on content or e-commerce CMS, keeping everything up to date is essential. The most important thing is to make recurring updates of scripts, platforms and plugins. All open-source software is constantly evolving and is constantly analyzed by the community. Flaws can be discovered and corrected at any time. They are the most common weapons for hackers to gain access to your website.
WordPress is the most common website creation platform. It is therefore crucial to add security plugins, free or paid, in order to guarantee maximum security to your website and minimize risks.
HTTPS, the indispensable ally
HyperText Trasnfer Protocol Secure, or simply HTTPS, is the combination of HTTP with the SSL (Secure Socket Layer) security certificate. It allows you to visually identify a secure or non-secure site. It is a data file that links a cryptographic key to an individual or a legal entity. Thus all data exchanged is encrypted and identified. Initially, this certificate was used for financial transactions. Today, the majority of sites use it, especially social networks.
To recognize a secure site, there is first the presence of the HTTPS in the URL and the sign of a small padlock before it.
From July 2018, non-HTTPS sites are penalized by Google. Chrome will warn users of the presence of an unsecured site and thus be abandoned by Internet users who may be afraid.
A good host
Based on your needs and expectations, it is best to choose the best web hosting with a comparator. It makes more sense to prefer reputable web hosts that offer basic features included (free SSL certificate for example) as well as SSH access if you need it and regular automatic backups.
Passwords and protection
Always use complex passwords, mixing upper and lower case letters, numbers and special characters for all your accounts and especially for the administrator account of your site.
Same for users with rights. Their password must be of a strong level. They risk endangering their site in spite of themselves.
Should an incident occur despite your efforts, your backups will be the only way to restore the site to a state prior to the event.
What to do as a last resort?
If your site is under attack and it is harming you and/or your business, it is essential that you file a complaint and report the incident to the nearest police station or send an email to the Central Office for the Fight against Information and Communication Technology Crime (OCLCLTIC) in order to be successful in your case.