Artificial Intelligence for Smart City
In 1979, John McCarthy, a computer scientist coined the term Artificial Intelligence (AI) defining it as “the science and engineering of making smart machines”. Artificial intelligence offers a lot into robotics application, for the development of clever systems that ought to directly and intelligently solve problems. The SMART CITY initiative taken up through the government of India have opened doors for artificial intelligence research in India, and set up total new technology standards for Indians. The Smart City as envisioned, has been stratified into 4 layers, specifically –
- The infrastructure
- The energy
- The transportation and
lifestyle of people
By amassing and sharing the data more effectively amongst all the four sectors, and linking the network layers will help the urban life more effectively and will improve the fabric of society. The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are necessary digital tools for developing a Smart City.
Artificial intelligence is the
branch of computer science concerned with making computer systems behave like
humans, mainly improvising the intellectual skills of machines and accordingly
designing Intelligent Agents.
These intelligent machines perceive the surrounding environment and take such actions which maximizes its probabilities of success. A large quantity of tools are used in AI, including versions of search, mathematical optimization, logic, algorithms, and techniques based totally on probability and economics.
Human thinking and mechanical manipulation of symbols culminated into the invention of programmable digital computer, maybe constructing an Electronic Brain. Eventually a visionary initiative through the Japanese Government stimulated the industry to provide artificial intelligence with billions of dollars, but through the late 80s the investors became disillusioned and withdrew funding. Progress in artificial intelligence has since continued, no matter the rise and fall of its reputation in the eyes of government and venture capitalists. Successful commercial products in AI are no more a dream now, these are –
• The Advanced sensing systems
• The Fraud detectors
• The Drug discovery systems
• The Advanced computing and human interface
During the previous two decades the biological information processing has taken a new turn contributing to a vary of advances in neuroscience and artificial pattern recognition. New signal processing methods and Independent Component Analysis (ICA) of Infomax, have appreciably enhanced the speech recognition systems.
In the present world the social, technological and economic developments have accelerated to such an extent that they are transferring quicker than the ‘normal evolutionary processes’. Technological advances in machine 2 machine, and data analytics are possibly the solely developments that will be able to keep pace with these changes, creating a world of extra intelligent and smarter communities. It is believed that we are now in the age of global civilization, and global solutions are needed at local levels. This becomes accessible to all via open networks connected to cloud computing environments and empowers individual people to participate with new smart tools.
The idea of Smart City is a dream challenge of our Prime Minister, Shree NarendraModi, for transforming India, into a greater digital level. The Union Urban Department has selected one hundred cities to develop as Smart Cities and have allocated Rs 70.6 billion in the budget of 2014-15 as the initial funding of the project. The core infrastructure factors in a Smart City project are –
- Management of public transport system
- Assured electricity supply
- Sanitation and waste management
- Healthcare and education
- Safety and security of citizens
- Robust IT connectivity and digitization
And to achieve these goals through e-governance and citizen participation. This includes ambitious schemes like –
- Public data and grievance redressal
- Electronic service delivery
- Citizen – city’s eyes and ears
- Video – crime monitoring
- Citizen engagement.
The execution of such projects is feasible by automated knowledge work across a large range of functions. In the 12 months 2014, IP soft announced AMELIA, as a new AI platform. Amelia learns the use of the identical natural language manuals as her colleagues however in a be counted of seconds. She understands the full meaning of what she reads rather than simply recognizing individual words. This includes understanding context, applying logic and inferring implications, besides intensive programming. Amelia creates her personal process map of the data she is given so that she can work out for herself what actions to take depending on the problem she is solving. Just like any smart worker she learns from her colleagues and through observing their work, she continually builds her knowledge. She speaks more than 20 languages and is capable to support international operations with ease. This is a important breakthrough in cognitive technology.The targets of Smart City get easily implemented with such technological help desks, like so automation, and exploitation of various data elements, in such a cohesive way, which is advantageous to the smart concept. This ensures management and manipulation of data efficiently throughout geographic and jurisdictional boundaries. Key insights thru intelligent analyses, will help in integrating intelligence with existing organizational and IT infrastructures, thus providing timely and intelligent solutions, anywhere.